Archive | August 23, 2017

Facebook ‘Like’ Wall Display (Automated) — At ‘Red Arrow Diner’, Concord, NH.

by Anura Guruge

Click pictures to ENLARGE.

Attribution WILL be enforced.

Facebook Like Counter Wall Display Anura Guruge

I knew what it was as soon as I saw it THOUGH I never even realized that such a thing existed.

How clever. Neato! I love it.

It was NOT hooked up. They hope to have it working ‘tomorrow’. Yes, we did a ‘Like’ to test it. Did not work. It stayed at ‘1’.

Yes, it will be automatic — i.e., no manual input required. It will register all the likes given to their Facebook page.

It was at the recently opened ‘Red Arrow Diner‘, on Loudon Road, Concord, New Hampshire.

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by Anura Guruge

‘Red Arrow Diner’, Concord, NH — Should Get Better With Time.

by Anura Guruge

Click pictures to ENLARGE.

Attribution WILL be enforced.

We had lunch at the recently opened ‘Red Arrow Diner‘, on Loudon Road, in Concord, New Hampshire, around 1:45pm on Wednesday, august 23, 2017.

It was ‘OK’ and overall it was a pleasant experience — though my bowl of oatmeal was stone cold and I had to ask them to microwave it. To I that is a cardinal sin, serving cold oatmeal! They microwaved it in the ‘cup’ and as such it came back with much spilled on the plate below. Wasn’t a pretty sight. However, Tyler, our server (who I gather also works for ‘Red Arrow’ Corporate) was outstanding, saw the problem and rushed back with a bowl and said I could use that. Hhhmmmm!

The food was OK. Nothing to write home about. I had my ‘Red Arrow’ usual — slice of pork pie. It too was a tad cold (and PLEASE remember that it takes a LOT to get me to complain about food (given that I grew up in a poor, 3rd-world country)). Teischan, had her usual too, Whoopie Pie. It was not as moist as it should have been. C’est la vie.

My ardent hope is that these are buy growing pains — since I think the ‘diner’ has only been open for less than 6 weeks. [I could be wrong on that.]

Given that I have been a HUGE fan of the ‘Red Arrow’ in Manchester for the last 5.5 years, I am NOT going to hold today’s lunch against the new diner. Over the years the Manchester diner built-up quite a reserve of GOODWILL with I. So, I am willing to cut slack.

The new Concord diner is NOTHING like the historic & politically FAMED diner in Manchester. For one I did NOT get to sit in a booth that had once sat Obama, Hilary or Al Gore. To be fair it is more like a McDonald’s of Friendly’s rather than a cozy, intimate diner. It is very modern and airy. That is not a bad thing. Just lacks the ambience of a diner. They have, however, paid a lot of attention to details — notice the hooks by the stools at the counter. Neat.

The Concord Diner also lacks all the cool, historic pictures that stud Manchester.

We will go again.

The Concord ‘Red Arrow’ is but 2 minutes from Friendly’s on the same road. We always have great luck with Friendly’s and they always send me discount codes. So, that will be a temptation.

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by Anura Guruge

College of Cardinals and the Dean of the College of Cardinals.

by Anura Guruge

Vatican on the College of Cardinals at

1148 was the first time that the then cardinals, about 50 in total, started using the term ‘The Sacred College of Cardinals.

1150 was when Pope Eugene III (#168) created the College of Cardinals — with a Dean.

What I have already said:

College of Cardinals from page 106 of ‘The Next Pope’ by Anura Guruge

Typically, I am the first to admit that I maybe wrong. Fallibility has been my faithful handmaiden throughout my life.

However, in this instance, I have checked, double checked etc. etc., since c. 2007. 1148-1150 is solid for when the College was formed. Even Sacrosanct.

Since the Dean only came to be with the College, there was no Dean of the College prior to 1150.

Yes, we have had a Cardinal Bishop of Ostia since at least the 3rd century. But, the Cardinal Bishop of Ostia was not the Dean till post 1150 — and even then there were inconsistencies.


So just because you see reference on the Web to so and so having been the Dean of the College of Cardinals in 1087 (or whatever) … PLEASE don’t send me e-mails telling me that I screwed up. Yes, I screw-up. But, I do my best to fix my screw-ups as soon as I discover that I have screwed up.

So PLEASE. If you see references like this, contact the ‘author’ of that Web site. Not me. Deal?

Click to ENLARGE. Difficult to be the Dean when there was NO College!

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by Anura Guruge

Day ‘MarketWatch’ Says Amazon Is Set To Drop Below 10% It Goes Up 1.43%

by Anura Guruge

LEAD story on ‘Marketwatch’ Tuesday, August 22, 2017. Click image to access original.

Amazon (AMZN) went up $13.61, i.e., 1.43% on that day, i.e., August 22, 2017. Data from ‘MarketWatch’. Click to ENLARGE and view here.

It was pretty AMAZING but I had a hunch that this would be case. Yes, AMZN at $953 was cheap after the recent sell-off.

However, I have to agree that AMZN will go down, quite a bit, before the year is out BEFORE coming STORMING back into the $1,150s! I am writing options even higher that that! {SMILE}

So be CAREFUL. We will see $940, if not lower, before the December 31, 2017 — per my hunch. You have now been officially warned.

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by Anura Guruge

Commander Of The U.S. Seventh Fleet, Joseph Aucoin, Removed From Command Following USS John S. McCain Collision.

by Anura Guruge

Click to ENLARGE and read here. Wikipedia:

I kind of knew that this was inevitable though you have to feel sorry for him because I am not sure what he could have realistically done to prevent the USS John S. McCain or USS Fitzgerald collisions. Both would appear to have been caused by negligence and incompetence of board the two ships.

But, this is how military chain of command is supposed to work. It was during ‘his watch’.

Other than his feelings I am not sure whether he will suffer any great financial loss. He is just being relieved of this Command. He will continue as a Vice Admiral. He has 37-years of service. He can probably retire with a very handsome pension.

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by Anura Guruge

Cardinal Bishops Elected Pope (as of 769).

by Anura Guruge

The 897 ‘cadaver synod’ involving Formosus (#112), the first cardinal bishop to be elected pope.

There have been 29 cardinal bishops elected pope since 769.

The last pope, Benedict XVI (#266), is the latest of those 29. Prior to him it was Pius VIII (#254) in 1829 — a 176 year gap with 12 intervening popes.

I was surprised that there had been 29. I thought, before I started compiling the list, that the number would be in the low 20s — comparable to the 22 cardinal deacons elected pope.


Please refer to the cardinal deacons post, (earlier today), for why I use 769 as the start date when it comes to ‘cardinals.’ Coincidentally, probably providentially, 769 also happens to be the year that the term ‘cardinal bishop’ (episcopi cardinals), was introduced into ‘Rome speak,’ in the context of a weekly roster of hebdomadarii bishops who would conduct Mass on Sundays at St. Peter’s, in rotation. [Pages 85 & 105 of ‘The Next Pope‘ book.]

Please study the ‘edibility to be pope’ table in the cardinal deacons post.

Note that the seminal 769 synod pointedly excluded cardinal bishops from being elected pope.

This was NOT a mistake or oversight. There was a very sound rationale for this exclusion — the prohibition against clerical, and in particular bishopric, transfers, codified way back in 325 at the pivotal First Council of Nicaea [Turkey], convened and presided over by no other than Emperor Constantine the Great [who legitimized Christianity].

In December of 882, John VIII (#108), a pope with a penchant for dabbling in secular politics, was murdered — poisoned and then clubbed until he was dead, supposedly by members of his retinue, possibly even relatives. Two days after John VIII’s murder, Marinus I (#109), the Bishop of Caere [~30 miles NNW of Rome], was elected pope. He was the first bishop to be elected pope. He was not, however, a cardinal bishop. [Page 45, ‘The Next Pope.‘]

Formosus (#112), the unfortunate subject of the despicable 897 ‘cadaver synod,’ was the first cardinal bishop to be elected pope — in 891. One of the ‘crimes’ he was accused of, albeit when he was a cadaver, was the ‘translation of bishops,’ i.e., the bishop of one see becoming the bishop of another, even if it was the see of Rome.


Prior to 1059, the prevailing laws and traditions precluded cardinal bishops from being elected pope, though as is always the case in papal history, three cardinal bishops, starting with Formosus, were elected pope between 769 and 1059.

There can only be 6 (and at one time 7) cardinal bishops, at any one time — so they are not as numerous as cardinal priests or even cardinal deacons.

At least of late (i.e., the last few centuries), the cardinal bishops may have been older than the norm.

Cardinal bishops, given their seniority, may have had closer links to prior popes, especially the most recently deceased, which made them less attractive. [However, in the case of the current pope, Benedict XVI, it was indeed this close relationship with the prior pope that made him attractive to the cardinal electors.]


Click to ENLARGE.

Notes and explanations follow.

In the ‘Seq #’ field a YELLOW background denotes successive pope, while the GREEN background denotes papacy that occurred close together.

In the ‘created’ field, the [O] for ‘order,’ indicates B=bishop, P=priest & D=deacon.

‘Xs’ field portrays transfers within the College. Please refer to this post about jus optionis preferment rules within the College. In the ‘x+y’ notation, the first number refers to transfers prior to becoming a cardinal bishop while the second number refers to the number of moves between suburbicarian sees while a cardinal bishop — though this number does NOT include getting Ostia upon becoming the Dean of the College of Cardinals. The YELLOW background indicates noteworthy exceptions. Leo XI requested five separate transfers while a cardinal priest. On February 14, 1592, he opted for one title then changed his mind and opted for another! A ‘P’ indicates elevation from cardinal deacon to cardinal priest, while ‘C’ denotes a title awarded ‘in commendam,’ please refer to <this post>.

As of 1150, when the College was formed, the Dean of the College was supposed to get Ostia. But this did not come to be, in a consistent manner, till much, much later. The BLUE background highlight scenarios when Ostia was not properly assigned, or assigned prior to the cardinal bishop becoming the Dean.

NOTES 1 & 2: Formosus and Silvester III held these sees, viz. Porto and Sabina, in two very distinct periods of time. In the case of the latter, he went back to be the Cardinal Bishop of Sabina when he was ousted as being pope! Formosus was excommunicated in 876 and eventually exiled. Marinus, the first bishop to transfer into Rome, reinstated him!

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++++ Check Category ‘religion’ >>>>

by Anura Guruge

Cardinal Deacons Elected Pope (as of 769).

by Anura Guruge

Cardinal deacons elected pope Anura Guruge

Click to ENLARGE.

The last cardinal deacon to be elected pope was Leo X (#218), the youngest son of the famed Lorenzo ‘Il Magnifico’ de’ Medici of Florence, in 1513 — he having been created a cardinal, in ‘secret’ (as opposed to in pectore), when he was thirteen. He is also reported to have famously said, when elected pope, ‘God has given us the papacy. Now let us enjoy it.‘ This, alack, was not to be. His papacy was buffeted, majorly, by Martin Luther’s Reformation. << Page 36 of my ‘The Next Pope‘ >>

That we haven’t had a cardinal deacon elected pope since 1513 should not be viewed in anyway as being ‘sinister’ or representative. Part of the reason being that many cardinal deacons had used the prevailing jus optionis preferment rules to become cardinal priests or cardinal bishops before they got elected as pope. Right now, one of my papabili, Italian Cardinal Agostino Vallini, the Vicar General of Rome, is a cardinal deacon.

There has never been an issue about electing cardinals deacons as pope.

A Roman Synod, convened in 769, Stephen III (IV) (#95), stated categorically that ONLY cardinal priests and cardinal deacons were eligible to be pope! Since then, this eligibility of cardinal deacons to be pope was never rescinded. So it has always been possible, as of 769, for a cardinal deacon to be elected pope.

Here is a table of eligibility (and papal electors), << Page 86 of my ‘The Next Pope‘ >>, that highlights the eligibility and role of cardinal deacons in papal elections — as of 769.

The reason is I did not go past 769 has to do with the above mentioned, pivotal synod. This synod was the first time that the term ‘cardinal’ was explicitly used in the context of papal elections. I am loathe to arbitrarily classify Roman clerics ‘cardinals’ prior to 769 because I worry that we might potentially run into an ‘apples’ vs. ‘oranges’ situation. Hence, the 769 cut-off. There are quite a few deacons that became pope prior to 769 — including Leo I ‘the Great’ (#45). The problem is that we can’t be sure as to whether all the deacons in Rome, prior to 769, should be considered cardinal deacons.

There have been 22 cardinal deacons elected pope as of 769 — the very first pope elected after the 769 Synod, viz. Hadrian I (#96), having been a cardinal deacon.

Since there have been 171 popes elected since 769, the 22 cardinal deacons elected pope represents 13%.

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by Anura Guruge

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