Tag Archive | list

Where All The Popes Are Buried — The Definitive List.

by Anura Guruge


I am 96% confident of these two lists.
They are more accurate than any other list I have seen.


Vatican tablet of where the popes are buried Anura Guruge

Most of you have probably seen at least a picture of this imposing, ~6′ tall marble tablet listing the names of the popes buried in St. Peter’s, under the Latin inscription SUMMI PONTIFICES IN HAC BASILICA SEPULTI (Supreme Pontiffs buried in this Basilica).

This tablet, in St. Peter’s is to the right of the entrance to the sacristy – that being the rather large ‘annex’ to the left of  the main Basilica (when facing it). You reach it from the left aisle under the huge monument to Pius VIII (#254), pictured below.

Where to find popes buried Anura Guruge


The Vatican’s marble tablet lists 148 popes up to and including John Paul II (#266).

This 148 number is optimistic.


The actual number of popes now believed to be buried within the precincts of St. Peter’s is 137, possibly 138 or maybe 139 — and that includes the original Stephen (II) (#92), a bona fide pope albeit for four days, who is indeed buried there though NOT listed in the marble tablet.


WHY THE DISCREPANCY?
The problem is that the list on the tablet does not reflect some bodies that were transferred away from St. Peter’s after they had been initially buried there.

St. Sixtus I (#7) is a good example. There is a wonderful story about what happened to the body of Sixtus I (which I recounted in my first book). Tradition maintains that Sixtus I was martyred (though this was unlikely) and buried under what is now St. Peter’s Basilica. It is also said that in 1132 Innocent II (#165), at the bidding of the residents of Alife [Italy], granted them Sixtus I’s relics. But the mule carrying the relics from Rome refused to go beyond Alatri [Italy]. So, the relics were interned at the Alatri Cathedral with Alfie just getting a finger bone.

But, his name appears on the marble tablet, thus making us rethink that old adage about things chiseled in stone – in this case, ‘soft,’ most likely Carrera, marble.

Here is THE list of the 13 popes that appear on the marble tablet but have since been translated to other locations:

  1. St. Sitxus (#7) –> Alatri Cathedral, Italy
  2. St. Anicetus (#11) –> Palazzo Altemps, Rome
  3. St. Sorter (#12) –> San Martino ai Monti, Rome
  4. St. Eleutherius (#13) –> Santa Susanna, Rome
  5. Vigilius (#59) –> Santi Silvestro e Martino ai Monti, Rome
  6. St. Paschal I (#99) –> Santa Prassede, Rome
  7. John XVIII (XIX) (#142) –> St. John Lateran or San Paolo fuori le Mura, Rome
  8. Honorius IV (#191) –> Santa Maria in Aracoeli, Rome
  9. Eugene IV (#208) –> San Salvatore in Lauro, Rome
 10. Callistus III (#210) –> Santa Maria de Monserrato degli Spagnoli, Rome
 11. Pius II (#211) –> Sant’Andrea della Valle, Rome
 12. Alexander VI (#215) –> Santa Maria de Monserrato degli Spagnoli, Rome
 13. Pius III (#216) –> Sant’Andrea della Valle, Rome

So that is -13 [i.e., minus 13].

However, that has to be offset by 2 popes that are not on the marble tablet, but are indeed buried at St. Peter’s. These two are: Stephen (II) (#92) & John XI (#126).

Then we have Leo VIII (#132). Nobody knows where he is buried. Some suspect that he is indeed buried at St. Peter’s. So he gets the benefit of the doubt.

We also have the same problem with the pope hat succeeded him, Benedict V (#133). Again nobody can determine where he was buried. However, in his case, people are not as sure whether he is buried at St. Peter’s.

So here is how the numbers reconcile. 148 on the tablet. But we know 13 were translated away. So that is 148-13 which gives us 135. Then we have to ADD Stephen (II) and John XI. That takes us up to 137.

Whether we then add Leo VIII and Benedict V dictates whether we go with 138 or 139.

OK? Get the drift. Study the list.

MULTIPLE PHASES
We also need to take into account that today’s magnificent Basilica, in its current grandiose form, now the second largest in the world, hasn’t always been there.

Initially, c. 60 AD, it was an open field, on top of a mound, on the outskirts of Rome. There was no building or structure. We have to take it on faith that those that succeeded St. Peter (#1) were buried close to him.

St. Anacletus (#3), c.76/79 – c.88/92, had a monument (possibly a chapel) built over St. Peter’s tomb. That was the first structure.

In the fourth century, at the behest of Emperor Constantine the Great a small Basilica was built on this site – the so called Old St. Peter’s or the Constantine Basilica. St. Leo ‘the great’ I (#45), in 461, was the first pope to be buried in this Basilica.

In the sixteenth century, Julius ‘the warrior pope’ II (#217), of the Sistine Ceiling fame, commissioned Donato Bramante, the great Italian architect, to build a bigger, grander Basilica around the by now dilapidated old structure. In time the incomparable Michelangelo Buonarroti, having finished the ceiling, designed the imposing timeless dome. Bramante had to do away with nearly all the papal tombs that were located in the old Basilica. Many of the remains were transferred to new locations within the new Basilica.

THE DEFINITIVE LISTS
Please click the pictorial icons below for THE definitive lists of where the popes are buried. They are both relatively small PDFs; i.e., under 150KB.

The color coding in the ‘Final Burial’ column, in the WHERE ALL THE POPES ARE BURIED list, is used to demarcate the different locations, with the most popular of the locations assigned a specific color to facilitate identification.


Where the popes are buried Anura Guruge


Popes buried in St. Peter's Vatican Anura Guruge


Related posts:
++++ Search ‘popeor ‘consistory’ for MANY other posts >>>>
++++ Check Category ‘religion’ >>>>


by Anura Guruge

My ‘Ananda College’ (Sri Lanka) Prefect’s Badge From 1966.

by Anura Guruge


Getting an e-mail from the “Prefects’ Guild of Ananda College“, which I had never heard of before, yesterday morning, about this event (below), prompted me to go rescue my old Prefect’s badge from 1966 (which is now 50 years old).

prefectsguild

Click to access their rather colorful Facebook page.


Anura Guruge Ananda College Prefect Badge


I think that this is from 1966. I don’t think it was from earlier. Though I only left in August 1967, I don’t think I got this in my last year.

I was an Ananda College Prefect twice (as far as I recall) — once in Lower School and then in Middle School. I am fairly sure I was “Head Boy” of Lower School. Have a vague idea that I might have been “Head Boy” in Middle School too — but that could be my mind playing tricks.

I do know that this badge was a RARITY! It was from a batch that was cast wrong.

The background should have been GOLD, maroon and gold our proud school colors.

Gray/silver was the WORST color possible. Maroon and silver the colors of our arch rival (at cricket) Nalanda College.

I remember that the staff were rather sheepish when they handed out these wrongly minted medals. But, it was the only I was given.

So …

C’est la vie. I just did a quick check on eBay. None for sale.

I just checked my Ananda College prize list (which I had posted online (and will duplicate below)). Appears that I won the “Best Prefect” Challenge Cup in 1965. So I was definitely a prefect in 1965. [I was also a House Prefect at Mill Hill, a post I resigned.] 

Click to ENLARGE.


Related Posts:
>> Check Category “Sri Lanka” for many other posts >>>>


by Anura Guruge


Always Strikes Me As Strange That Popes Can’t Protect Italy From Earthquakes.

by Anura Guruge


earthquake

From “usatoday.com”. Google for more. Breaking news — today.


The OFFICIAL Titles Held By Pope Francis.

One of them is ‘Vicar of Jesus Christ’.

titles

Vicar, in this context means, ‘Representative’ (or ‘Deputy’).

vicar


The list of Earthquakes in Italy since 2000 — from Wikipedia.

popes1212


To I, it just seems strange — incongruous.

All this praying, Masses and whatever.

Why can’t they keep Earthquakes away from ‘home’.

Shouldn’t God be using them to RATTLE the heathens rather than hurt the poor, long-suffering Italian Catholics?
(And yes, of course, I have not forgotten Japan, China, Nepal and Turkey.)

Just wondering. Just asking.

I wish I had the answer.


Related posts:
++++ Search ‘pope& ‘earthquake’ for MANY other posts >>>>
++++ Check Category ‘religion’ >>>>


by Anura Guruge

The Asteroid Named After David Bowie, 342843 Davidbowie.

by Anura Guruge


davidbowieasteroidwiki

From Wikipedia. Click to ENLARGE and read here. Use link below to access Wikipedia original.

Click here to to access Wikipedia original.


davidbowieasteroid

Click to ENLARGE and enjoy. From ‘JPL Small-Body Database Browser’ (at ssd.jpl.nasa.gov).


It is a Main-Belt Asteroid and as such is always outside the orbit of Mars.

The 342843 is a sequence number, in that it is the 342,843rd confirmed ‘Minor Planet’ to have been discovered, Ceres (now a Dwarf Planet) having the honor of being the 1st, i.e., 1 Ceres. Pluto now that it is a dwarf is numbered 134340.

The name is optional and is initially put forward by the discoverer of the asteroid.

As of today 701,660 ‘Minor Planets’ have been catalogued as having been discovered. 19,712 of them, just a mere 2%, are named. Here is the list. So to have an asteroid named after you is, of course, special, BUT not that exclusive.

The ‘Beatles’ collectively and individually have asteroids named after them, viz. 8749 Beatles, 4147 Lennon, 4148 McCartney, 4149 Harrison & 4150 Starr. Some of the others include Carlos Santana, Frank Zappa, Eric Clapton, Jerry Garcia, Jimi Hendrix, Led Zeppelin, Mike Oldfield, Miles Davis, Frank Sinatra, Bee Gees, Buddy Holly etc. etc. Here is a list.

So David, as is due, has been honored as a ‘spaceman’. 


Related posts:
++++ Check Category ‘astronomy’  for other related posts >>>>


by Anura Guruge

Stock Symbols Of Interest From CNBC Morning Ticker — Monday, June 22, 2015.

Edison_stock_ticker.Anura Guruge December 2014 thumbnail
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by Anura Guruge


This is meant to be daily, weekday, post (when I can), of 5 to 6 stock symbols that caught my eye, typically between 9 and 9:30 am, on the CNBC scrolling ticker. Basically random. Just symbols that jumped out at me — either because of their gains for the day, their attractive stock price or JUST because the name looked interesting. In general names that were unfamiliar to me — though it could be a symbol, e.g., ‘S’, that might have piqued my interest this time around. These are stocks I plan to check to check, if I get the time (using ‘MarketWatch.com’), during the day. Sharing with you for the heck of it — incase it MIGHT help at least one of you. Of late people keep on asking me about investing (as IF I know what I am doing). This will also help me with that. I can just point them to these posts. No guarantees, warranties, promises, recommendations or anything like that. 99.6% of the time these stocks catch my eye because I know NADA about them.

++++ For prior posts either Search on ‘Stock Symbols‘ or check Category ‘investing‘ on sidebar >>>>


INFN, PETX, LNCO, GRFS, AMCN.


Stock Symbols Of Interest From CNBC Morning Ticker — Thursday, June 18, 2015.

Edison_stock_ticker.Anura Guruge December 2014 thumbnail
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by Anura Guruge


This is meant to be daily, weekday, post (when I can), of 5 to 6 stock symbols that caught my eye, typically between 9 and 9:30 am, on the CNBC scrolling ticker. Basically random. Just symbols that jumped out at me — either because of their gains for the day, their attractive stock price or JUST because the name looked interesting. In general names that were unfamiliar to me — though it could be a symbol, e.g., ‘S’, that might have piqued my interest this time around. These are stocks I plan to check to check, if I get the time (using ‘MarketWatch.com’), during the day. Sharing with you for the heck of it — incase it MIGHT help at least one of you. Of late people keep on asking me about investing (as IF I know what I am doing). This will also help me with that. I can just point them to these posts. No guarantees, warranties, promises, recommendations or anything like that. 99.6% of the time these stocks catch my eye because I know NADA about them.

++++ For prior posts either Search on ‘Stock Symbols‘ or check Category ‘investing‘ on sidebar >>>>


CKSW, S, IXIA, HZNP, OCLS, TOUR.


Today, FitBit (FIT) a company that we are vastly familiar with, given that we were early product customers in 2011, had their IPO. We were NOT impressed with the product, and I actually TOSSED mine in the garbage, but we have to say, that at least in 2012, their customer support and PR were outstanding. They sent my wife a number of FREE FitBits to try and placate her. I was impressed. No Fidelity, given my pitiful assets, did NOT give me any IPO allocation. C’est la vie. I will not buy it at $30. I might, for the heck of it, purely to TRADE (as opposed to going long), might by some in the next few days IF the price gets to $28 or below.


Fidelity Investments New Account Look — Now In Preview, Permanent In Mid-Nov. 2014.

Anura Guruge, June 8, 2013.

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Anura Guruge


Related Posts:
>>
Fidelity online training.
>> Grossed by Gross.

>> Alibaba IPO
>> GoDaddy IPO

>> Resisted ‘FKU’ but bought ‘EROS’
>> OptionMonster option trading book
>> Facebook has bigger market cap than IBM

++++ Check Category ‘Investments’ or search ‘Fidelity’ for other related posts >>>>


fidelitynewlookoct22

Did YOU REALLY think I would let you look at my account? Wow. Give me a call. I have some great real estate I can sell YOU.


Starting yesterday they want us, i.e., Fidelity online customers, to test drive the new user interface. I was in a hurry yesterday, BUT did.

I kind of like it. LOTS of information on one busy screen BUT I like data. I am a strong believer that you can never have enough data. So in that respect I am a believer.

All the columns are also sortable. That can be handy, BUT be aware of it. IF you accidentally did a sort, all your positions will be in the ‘wrong’ places, BUT there should be a THICK underline below the column that is currently active in terms of the sort. IF the thick underline is NOT under ‘Symbol’ then your positions will not be in alphanumeric order. Remember that.

Yes, ‘Pending Activity’ is also still there BUT not as prominently. Look for it below. You can click on the ‘+’ to expand it.

The ‘Options Summary’ is neat. I could get addicted to that.

The one thing that really sucks. ‘Current Value’ & ‘Quantity’ are columns 5 & 6 respectively. That is awkward.

I called up Fidelity and, as ever, spoke with a very nice Rep. He ‘confessed’ that I wasn’t the first person to complain about this. Even he didn’t like it.

We agreed that the BEST solution would be to give us the option to reorder the columns. That would be REAL neat.

Found something else and just conveyed it to Fidelity. Screens do NOT automatically resize. So if you move an open tab from one screen to another, as I can and will do — with my dual-monitor set up — the tab doesn’t automatically resize. YOU have to manually hit the Windows resize button at the top. Fidelity now knows about it.

So that is about it. I like it. It is a LOT. I will get used to it. IF they give us movable columns it could be real nice.


Fidelity Investments (New) Online Training Events With On24 Webcast Technology — Quite Cool.

Anura Guruge, June 8, 2013.

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Anura Guruge


Related Posts:
>> Grossed by Gross.

>> Alibaba IPO
>> GoDaddy IPO
>> Resisted ‘FKU’ but bought ‘EROS’
>> OptionMonster option trading book
>> Facebook has bigger market cap than IBM

++++ Check Category ‘Investments’ or search ‘Fidelity’ for other related posts >>>>


fidelty0n24ss671a

Click to ENLARGE. This afternoon’s ‘On24’ Webcast technology based Browser pane I had for my online training event. I was impressed. Worked well.


As I have alluded to before, multiple times, I do play options and have done so for nearly twenty years. But, I just do covered calls. That I understand how to do, quite well, given that over the years I must have written hundreds of them.

But, I have no clue about any of the other option strategies. Today I heard ‘Iron Condor’. I have NO CLUE.

Over the years I have promised myself that I will teach myself options. Knowing who I am and what I can do, I do know that I will be able to master options and even be pretty good at it. BUT, I have yet to set out to learn options. I always appear to have some excuse — mainly that I am writing a book. Well, I am writing a book again …

I get a fair amount of e-mails from Fidelity — which is fair enough because I do have a fair amount of transactional volume a week through them. Quite a few of the e-mails have to do with informational or training events. Fidelity no longer calls me to offer me financial advice or access to financial advisors. They have access to my record and performance. They know that I muddle through … and that muddling through is all that I am interested in.

Last week I got an invite for this “Generating option trading ideas using Fidelity’s tools and resources” event — today, at noon. I knew I really should ‘attend’ because Fidelity’s option ‘platform’ totally baffles me. I don’t use it. Good ol’ option-chains is all I need or at least all I use.

I registered, which was not a problem. I got e-mails with a link. This morning I had yet another reminder — which was good. At 11:45, within the 15 minute pre-event window, I clicked and was automatically ‘enrolled’ without having to type in anything.

It was slick. It was seamless. No glitches. Very smooth. I was impressed.

I have, over the years, going back maybe 15 years, used various online Webinar technologies. I am sure this was the first time I had used ‘on24‘ Webcast. I was pleasantly impressed. It did what it had to do with no fuss and to me that is the beauty of a good Webinar tool. It should not get in the way. It should facilitate without getting in your face. That it did.

It was a decent educational Webinar. Yes, after 30 minutes I lost interest. But that is par for the course. I am NOT good, never have been, at any ‘classroom’ based education and training. I have to do it on my terms on my pace. But now I know some places to look.

I am going to bite the damn bullet and get the damn book EVEN if it is not available online. I know that that is what I should start with.

But, I am pleased and impressed with Fidelity and On24 — but, 99.6% of the time I am always impressed with Fidelity. They try and they are good.


Two Of Last Week’s ‘Hot’ IPOs, Vivint Solar & Yodlee, Plummet Within First 72 Hours.

Anura Guruge, June 8, 2013.

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Anura Guruge


Related Posts:
>> Grossed by Gross.

>> Alibaba IPO
>> GoDaddy IPO
>> Resisted ‘FKU’ but bought ‘EROS’
>> OptionMonster option trading book
>> Facebook has bigger market cap than IBM

++++ Check Category ‘Investments’ for other posts >>>>


Click to access “MarketWatch” coverage for each.

Red track on chart is that for SPX — S & P 500 index.

ydlechart45a1a
vivantsolarchart1a


Two classic examples that all IPOs don’t do well. Even Alibaba is down from its first day — albeit not from the $66 that some lucky buggers were able to get it at, that being the IPO price.

I was aware of both of these IPOs and ‘tracked’ them given that Fidelity told me that I might have a slim chance of getting an IPO allocation.

I stayed clear of VSLR because it was solar and I had read enough bad things about that sector. I am GLAD I did. But there was something very scary about what happened with that IPO. The day after the IPO, “Seeking Alpha” (which is a bunch of unregulated, amoral, unethical cowboys as far as I am concerned) published an article saying that VSLR was “destined to destroy shareholder wealth“. The stock plummeted. They claim that they could not publish this article, i.e., that it was on embargo, till after the IPO. Please. I feel bad for all those that got 3rd degree burns.

I was interested in YDLE. Most IPOs to do with ‘the cloud’ have a pop — because people think the cloud is sexy and strategic, though in reality we have been exploiting cloud for the last 10 years, IF not more. Some of you, I know, can’t even remember ‘the network is the computer’. I do. I decided to beg Fidelity for 2 shares at the IPO — that being all that I could afford at $12 a share.

Well they didn’t give me those 2 shares — probably because you have to ask for allocations in blocks of 100!

I am GLAD that Fidelity didn’t give me those 2 shares.

I can buy YDLE in the open market now — without any flipping restrictions.

So I am just giving YOU a heads up because unlike the clowns on “Seeking Alpha” I am not out to get you so that I can make some money. Maybe that is where I go wrong.


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