Tag Archive | conclave

Pope Francis Should Avoid Temptation Of Assigning Suburbicarian See Of Porto–Santa Rufina To Parolin, Sandri Or Ouellet.

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE. From ‘GCatholic.org’.


Click to ENLARGE.


A Suburbicarian See, i.e., one of the 7 ancient sees surrounding Rome, becoming vacant is the Vatican equivalent of a vacancy in the U.S. Supreme Court. Not too many slots, in the case of Suburbicarian Sees just 6 in reality (because the Dean automatically gets two), and those who hold them seem to be blessed with unusual longevity.

So, suburbicarian see, Porto–Santa Rufina becoming vacant after 21-years is a BIG deal. It is also the FIRST to become vacant in 11-years.

This was why, Francis, last June was forced to create four IRREGULAR Cardinal Bishops — i.e., Cardinal Bishops who did NOT have title to a suburbicarian see. Prior to this, in order to be a Cardinal Bishop, you had to hold the title to a suburbicarian see. That was actual requirement and definition.

Cardinal Bishop = Suburbicarian See.

When he created his four IRREGULARS (so that there would be some under-80 cardinal bishops who could participate in a conclave) he was ADAMANT that the IRREGULARS were no different to the regulars — i.e., those that held title to a suburbicarian see.

That is the main reason why he should not give the newly vacant suburbicarian see to one of the IRREGULARS.

It would, at a stroke, destroy his contention that the IRREGULARS were REGULARS. If they were he wouldn’t feel obliged to give the see to an IRREGULAR. What for? Per Francis they are as good without, as with.

Plus, he would be breaking Church Law. It is possible that I am the ONLY one that knows of this 1914 Law passed by Pius X. But, trust me, it is the Law. I do know my Church Law.

Yes, popes live to break the Law and they can do so with impunity. Their actions cannot be questioned or challenged. But, it will be wrong.

That is where we stand. Now YOU know all the facts.


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by Anura Guruge

Cardinal Roger Etchegaray (96) Dies; Oldest Cardinal For 1-Day — First Suburbicarian See Bishop To Die In 11-Years.

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE and read here. Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_Etchegaray


He was the OLDEST living cardinal for all of one day!

Confirms my long held contention that God has one heck of a sense of humor.

Yes, the prior day Colombian Cardinal José Rodriguez died, aged 100. And then 24-hours later, French Roger Marie Élie Etchegaray, 96, died.

Etchegaray was kind of a legend. Well respected and liked. He had been a cardinal since 1979 (i.e., 40 years).

But, he never attended a conclave! He turned 80 in 2002 (after being a cardinal for 23-years) and aged-out to become a non-elector.

He was elected Vice-Dean of the College of Cardinals just ahead of the 2005 conclave but was too old to attend. He, still the Vice-Dean, also missed the 2013 conclave.

He was a bona fide Cardinal Bishop, i.e., held the title to an original Suburbicarian See. There are only 7 of these, and the Dean, automatically gets two. So, only 5 remain. They are scarce. The last time one was vacant was 2008, i.e., 11-years ago. Now Francis gets the chance to promote someone to this vacant Suburbicarian See making him a bona fide cardinal bishop.

Click to access post.


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by Anura Guruge

Pope Francis In Creating New Cardinals On October 5, 2019, Will AGAIN Disregard Conclave Requirements.

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE.


Click image to access post.


The issue here is, per Vatican Law, enacted in 1973, the MAXIMUM number of cardinal electors that can participate in a conclave is 120.

None of the 4 popes since that law was passed, viz., John Paul I, John Paul II, Benedict XVI & Francis, have changed that Law — though three of them (i.e., the latter 3) have at one time or another created too many electors such that there numbers exceeded 120.

If there were to be a conclave when the elector count is above 120 there could be problems.

There are no guidelines nor precedents for sorting it out. It would be ‘unruly’ and ‘unbecoming’.

As the top figure shows Francis, at each of his six consistories, has exceeded that 120 limit.

John Paul II nor Benedict XVI were never so egregious — i.e., violate the 120 limit at each of their cardinal-creating consistories.

But, no so Francis. He really thinks he is special. A maverick. That it makes him look cool to disregard the Laws!

Yes, I will concede that 4 current electors will AGE-OUT (i.e., reach 80 and thus become non-electors) within 10-days of this consistory. But, that still leaves 4 OVER the count. Barring deaths there will NOT be another aging-out until February 25, 2020, and the next after that is on April 17, 2020. Even after that, barring deaths, we will still be 2 over the 120. That is over 7 months.

This is not good.

Francis can fix this with a simple memo. Yep. He is all powerful when it comes to Church Laws. He can remove the 120 limit all together or increase it. But, he hasn’t.

Not good. Unbecoming.

Also, worth remembering. On Sunday, on his way to announce this consistory, Francis got stuck in an elevator for 25-minutes. Not a good omen.


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by Anura Guruge

The New Camerlengo — U.S. Cardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell, The 1st Non-European Camerlengo.

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE and read here. Wikipedia: wikipedia.org/wiki/Kevin_Farrell


It has been 7-months. Click to access my post.


I did foresee the possibility of an American. Click to access my post.


What is MOST significant with Kevin Joseph Farrell’s appointment is that he is a non-European. A first, and as such, of course, the first American Camerlengo.

Do not read too much into this appointment. It does not indicate that a conclave is around the corner. Having a Camerlengo, on tap, is more normal than not having one. The 7-month gap, though possibly a tad long, is not exceptional. Popes like to wait awhile before they fill this post. Not having a Camerlengo, if the pope was to die, is not the end of the world. It happened when Pius XII died in 1958. The Dean of the College of Cardinals deputized on day 1 and then they elected a cardinal to act as the temporary Camerlengo.

We have had non-Italian Camerlenghi. The last Camerlengo, Jean-Louis Tauran, was French. So was Jean Villot, the iconic Camerlengo of the 1970s. We have also had a Spaniard, Eduardo Martínez Somalo, 1993 to 2007. So, these are the recent non-Italians. But, there was also a spate of French ones in the 14th century during the Avignon Papacy.

Choosing Farrell makes sense. At 71 he is of the right age, though one a few years younger would have made more sense. He is also a curialist; i.e., he works at the Vatican. That is a prerequisite. The Camerlengo has to reside in Rome.

So, this is all good.

Just don’t assume that a conclave is around the corner. Just revel in that he is non-European. A most welcome departure from what had been a 2,000-year custom.



Click to access post from Feb. 15, 2019.



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by Anura Guruge

“Popes & Papacy” On Facebook — For All Things Papal.

by Anura Guruge


Click image to access this new Facebook page.


My ‘Popes-and-Papacy’ Website, which I started around 2008, was EXTREMELY successful until I quiesced it in May 2013 — once the current pope was elected. Though it covered most aspects of the papacy, my overriding interest, commensurate with my work on ‘The Next Pope’ books, was the ‘Next Pope’ and the ‘next conclave’. Well, that happened in March 2013. I then kind of moved onto some of my other interests — e.g., the brain & meditation. Late last year I, very reluctantly, closed down ‘Popes-and-Papacy’ because it was too time consuming to maintain.

Well, it appears that the lead up to the NEXT POPE POST POPE FRANCIS is upon us, and I despite, despite other distractions just cannot resist getting into the fray. So, as some of you may have noticed I am again doing papal posts on a regular basis.

There is no way I have the time, energy or patience to start a new Website.

Hence, ALL my pope posts will be on this BLOG. That is a given.

But, I started the ‘Popes & Papacy’ Facebook page as a tracking site for the pope posts on this blog — given that there are many people who are only capable of reading stuff on FB.

OK? You got the story.


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by Anura Guruge

Death Of French Cardinal Jean-Louis Tauran, The Camerlengo.

by Anura Guruge



The 2013 habermus Papam delivered by Cardinal Tauran.


Click to ENLARGE and read here. Wikipedia: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Louis_Tauran


Cardinal Tauran’s coat of arms


Cardinal Jean-Louis Tauran, at the time the protodeacon [i.e., senior most cardinal deacon], came to worldwide prominence on March 13, 2013, when he appeared on the famous balcony of St. Peter’s Basilica to announce who was to be the new pope, post Benedict XVI.

That was when most of us realized that he suffered, quite badly, from Parkinson’s — and that resonated with I since my adoptive mother (who also, coincidentally, lived in France for 18-years) had Parkinson’s for many years prior to dying in her sleep, aged 62, in 1992.

Cardinal Tauran from everything I have heard and read was much respected, liked and competent.

I was very surprised that Pope Francis, ’18-months’ into his pontificate, made Tauran his new Camerlengo (when ‘my man’) Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone turned 80 — and as such could no longer be the Camerlengo since he was now ineligible to attend a conclave. Being a Camerlengo is demanding THOUGH a Camerlengo’s real duties only start when there is a sede vacante (i.e, the absence of a pope).

I now SUSPECT that Francis may have been EXTREMELY CALCULATING in making this decision. He probably determined that Tauran may NOT be around by the time of the Next Conclave! That, obviously, was the case. So, why would be do that. Being appointed Camerlengo is a singular honor and Cardinal Tauran, though he never officiated at a Conclave, will always be listed and remembered as a Camerlengo. So, the Pope was being ultra nice to him. I am cool with that. Nothing wrong with that. No harm done.

Not having a Camerlengo is NOT a problem — though I suspect that Francis will appoint one soon. I have a feeling it is going to be Cardinal Pietro Parolin. (Though health again might be an issue!) Being Camerlengo is the perfect job for the Secretary of State. The two jobs have zero-overlap. The Secretary of State automatically loses his job at the start of the sede vacante which is when the Camerlengo steps to the fore. My man Bertone (and I truly liked him) held both titles — as has many others.

Just for the record there had not been a Camerlengo for YEARS when Pope Pius XII died in 1958. The Dean of the College of Cardinals had to appoint one after first certifying that the pope was indeed dead.


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by Anura Guruge

Cardinals Filoni & Ouellet Are Now The Leading Contenders To Be The Next Pope, i.e., Papabile.

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE.


Do NOT forget that I got the ‘Next Pope’ RIGHT in 2013.

Click image to access the original 2013 post on THIS bog.


Click to ENLARGE. From my ‘The Next Pope 2011’ book. Click on image at the bottom to get a copy.


Timing is everything, because age is of paramount concern, as to who will be the Next Pope post Francis. So, it all depends on when the next Conclave is likely to occur. Pope Francis is 81 and appears to be in reasonable health. But, he has hinted, more than once, that he too, like Benedict XVI before him, might retire — when the time is right. The question is such a retirement on the cards over the next 24 – 36 months?

Two CONFLICTING ‘data points’ on this. Following his cardinal-creating consistory last week he had 125 cardinal electors. Per current law only 120 cardinal electors can participate in a conclave. Bar deaths of electors, this 125 number will not drop to 120 till July 2019. That would mean that the pope does not plan to retire prior to July 2019 — though he can increase that 120 limit in a matter of seconds (even during/after his resignation speech). But, then, he also created the four new IRREGULAR Cardinal Bishops. The ONLY need for this was the possibility of an imminent conclave. So, that is confusing — and I did address that in this post.

OK? So, I refuse to look much more than 3-years ahead.

So, now let me explain the AGE criteria. As of hurried election of John Paul II (following the unexpected death of 33-day pope, John Paul I) when he was 58-years of age, the cardinals, understandably, have opted for older popes. Bluntly put, in the absence of any term limits (and any requirement for a pope to retire), the cardinals do not want another pope who will reign for for 20 – 30 years (despite the success of John Paul II’s pontificate). So, the last two popes have been 76 and 78 years of age. I had said that age would be a factor the last time around — and I was right. I now content, emphatically, that age again will be a primary factor. It is unlikely that the next pope will be much younger than 75.


Other Given Caveats Per My Recokening (and these are NOT negotiable). {Smile}

The Next Pope per Anura Guruge will be:

  • White.
  • A non-American (as in say Seán Patrick O’Malley).
  • A non-Jesuit.
  • A proven institutionalist, i.e., one who has a firm track record of upholding Vatican (rather than Catholic per se) values and protocols.

‘European’, or at least, as in the case of Marc Ouellet one who has spent much of their priestly life in Rome working for the Curia.


Marc Ouellet, despite being considerably younger, was my #1 papabile last time around. And I acknowledged that age was an issue.

Over the next 3-years his age would be GOLDEN.

Marc, simply put, is BELOVED and respected to a level that is uncanny. That he is Canadian will not be a factor. Canada is a ‘neutral’ (unthreatening) country and moreover Marc has spent so much time in Rome that he is a honorary Italian.

So, why do I have him as #2 rather than my first pick again.

He, alas, is RELIGIOUS, though, thankfully, not a Jesuit (Francis, the first). Cardinals tend to shy away from Religious Order candidates and Francis, with his supplication to the Jesuits, did not help matters. I will go as far as saying that the ONLY religious that is papabil is Marc!


Some of you will correctly contend that their unprecedented promotion to (irregular) Cardinal Bishops make them very much Francis’ stooges and that will cause them to be blackballed because Francis is not that popular among the College. NOT so in the case of these two. They were both created cardinals ahead of Francis — and have been untainted by Francis.

But, right now Filoni is a tad too young. His star will truly be in the ascend around 2021 when he is 75.

Enough for now. Digest what I have said.

Thank you.


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by Anura Guruge

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